The New Form 1040 and Six Accompanying Schedules

Tax reform of 2017 promised us shorter, simpler, tax forms. We even were told that we might be able to file on a form the size of a postcard – although we may have wondered how that would work out.

The Internal Revenue Service released the preliminary Form 1040 for 2018, and here’s what you should know.

There are six new schedules

Very few tax-related items actually disappeared due to the tax law changes. They have just moved around.

Instead of entering as much information on Form 1040, you now use Schedules 1 through 6 to report many tax details. The totals from each schedule are carried over to Form 1040.

The advantage of moving these details to separate schedules is that it cleans up Form 1040 and makes it easier to quickly review. For taxpayers with simple tax situations, Form 1040 may be all they need.

Form 1040A and 1040EZ disappeared

Starting with 2018 tax returns, Form 1040A or 1040EZ no longer exist. There’s no “long form” 1040, either.

Instead of wondering whether you should file Form 1040A, 1040EZ, or 1040, you simply file the new, compact Form 1040 because that’s what everyone has to do. It doesn’t matter if your tax situation is complex or simple, you must file the new Form 1040. Then, depending on your specific scenario, you file the other schedules and forms as needed.

The new Form 1040 still asks about dependents

You’ve probably heard that the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act did away with personal exemptions, including those for dependents. And that may lead you to believe you no longer have to report dependents on your tax return.

That last part isn’t true, however. You still need to tell the IRS about your dependents as they can qualify you for the Child Tax Credit or for credits related to dependent care. Dependents can also affect other tax items, such as the Earned Income Tax Credit.

You should expect the new Form 1040 to ask for your dependent information the same as before. Plus, many states require you to enter your dependent information on your state return. If you use tax software, the dependent information you enter on your federal return will automatically transfer to your state return when it comes time to complete that section. The process is rather seamless and ensures your returns meet all requirements.

All six schedules ask for different information

The new schedules contain mostly information that previously was on Form 1040, plus a few new items. The IRS hasn’t released final versions yet, but the new schedules generally contain the following:

Schedule 1, Additional Income and Adjustments to Income. This schedule reports income from state tax refunds, businesses, rentals, partnerships, unemployment compensation, and more. It also shows adjustments from income, such as retirement plan contributions, deductible self-employment tax, health savings account deductions, and so on.

Schedule 2, Tax. You use this schedule to report any other taxes, such as Alternative Minimum Tax. You may also need to report any excess credit you already received for premium assistance under the Affordable Care Act.

Schedule 3, Nonrefundable Credits. This schedule should contain credits such as the Foreign Tax Credit, the Child Care Credit, education credits, the Retirement Savings Credit, and Residential Energy Credit.

A credit is “nonrefundable” if it cannot exceed the amount of income tax you owe for the year (before income tax withholding and other payments are factored in).

Schedule 4, Other Taxes. The Self-Employment Tax was moved to this schedule, as well as other taxes that apply to special situations. The shared responsibility payment related to health insurance coverage is also reported on this form.

Schedule 5, Other Payments and Refundable Credits. This schedule reports estimated tax payments, all payments you made with an extension, and certain refundable credits.

Schedule 6, Foreign Address and Third Party Designee. You only need this schedule if you have a foreign address, or if you want a third-party to discuss your return with the IRS.

The filing process likely won’t feel different

If you prepare your taxes by hand, the new forms will feel vastly different. You’ll have to get used to information being in different places. In addition, you might find yourself looking for places to enter information that is no longer required or answer questions you haven’t seen before.

If you use tax software, however, you likely won’t notice much of a difference at all. You still enter the same basic information, and the software guides you through the process. Tax software, like TaxAct, ensures you answers all pertinent questions so you don’t miss out on a single tax credit or deduction available to you. The only time you may notice a difference is when you look at your tax return after it is prepared and printed.

About Sally Herigstad

Sally Herigstad is a certified public accountant and personal finance columnist and author of Help! I Can't Pay My Bills, Surviving a Financial Crisis (St. Martin's Griffin). She writes regularly at CreditCards.com, Bankrate.com, Interest.com, RedPlum, and MSN Money. She is an experienced speaker and a member of Toastmasters International. Follow Sally on Twitter.

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